Implementation and Accountability

How to ensure that international rules protecting the most vulnerable in times of war and peace are implemented and respected? Are the existing mechanisms to ensure monitoring and implementation working? Do they provide redress and accountability for the victims? What is lacking in today’s legal and policy framework and what are the challenges?

Although different in substance and varying in terms of compliance mechanisms, all international law frameworks – international humanitarian law (IHL), international human rights law, international criminal law, transitional justice – raise challenges in terms of implementation and accountability.

The proliferation of international, regional and domestic human rights standards has led to a multitude of actors and procedures dedicated to their implementation. In turn, this has crowded existing regulatory regimes. For IHL on the other hand, dedicated monitoring mechanisms are rare and many are either not used or otherwise ineffective. International criminal law courts and tribunals provide partial solutions as they focus on individual criminal responsibility. Our research in this domain aims at accompanying existing mechanisms and their stakeholders, ongoing policy discussions, negotiations, reforms and new developments in order to ensure the ongoing relevance of the international legal framework for the most vulnerable, along with accountability and redress for the victims.

OUR PROJECTS

Past projects

RESEARCH

Promoting and Protecting the Rights to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Association and Civic Space Worldwide

Completed in

Read more >

RESEARCH

The Role of National Human Rights Systems in the Implementation of International Human Rights Standards and Recommendations

Completed in

Read more >

RESEARCH

International Humanitarian Law and the United Nations Security Council

Completed in

Read more >

RESEARCH

Implementing International Humanitarian Law Through Human Rights Mechanisms

Completed in

Read more >

RESEARCH

Disability and Armed Conflict

Completed in

Read more >

RESEARCH

A Practitioners' Guide on Human Rights and Countering Corruption

Completed in

Read more >

RESEARCH

Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC)

Completed in

Read more >

Related News and Events

A wide view of the Security Council meeting on peace and security in Africa, with a focus on countering terrorism and extremism in Africa. IHL Talks

Sisyphean Task: Promoting International Law while at the United Nations Security Council

28 January 2021, 15:00-16:30

This online IHL Talk aims at shining light on substantial and/or procedural challenges to the effective and principled promotion of international law at the UN Security Council, including from a State’s perspective.

Read more >

News

The Guidelines on Investigating Violations of IHL are now available in Arabic, French, Spanish and Russian

14 January 2021

Co-published with the ICRC, they provide key guidance to States aiming to conduct investigations of IHL violations, but also to other bodies and individuals seeking a more detailed understanding of investigations in armed conflict.

Read more >

Entrance of the Defensoria Publica News

Experts Discuss Strategies for more Effective National Human Rights Systems

17 December 2020

Experts from Geneva-based human rights mechanisms and representatives from more than 20 different national human rights systems discussed in an online meeting the implementation of human rights standards through national human rights systems.

Read more >