New War Report Article Discusses the Ongoing Armed Violence in Sinai between Egypt and Wilayat Sinai

View of Sinai View of Sinai

15 November 2019

Our new War Report article Non-International Armed Conflict To Continue in Sinai?, written by Annabel Bassil, discusses the non-international armed conflict (NIAC) between Egypt and Wilayat Sinai, an armed non-state actor that has pledged loyalty to the Islamic State group.

While Israel conducts, since mid–2015, airstrikes against Wilayat Sinai, the author indicates that the conflict remains a NIAC as the Egyptian Government consents to these strikes.

The article starts by providing background information about the conflict, its origins, parties and developments in 2019. The author then discusses whether the threshold of intensity of violence and organization of Wilayat Sinai required to classifying the situation as a NIAC are still met in 2019.

‘This article provides the keys to understand this NIAC, including the origin of the conflict and how it could evolve in the coming months’, underlines Dr Annyssa Bellal, Senior Research Fellow and Strategic Adviser on International Humanitarian Law at the Geneva Academy.

The NIAC in Egypt in the Rule of Law in Armed Conflict Online Portal

The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal provides a legal analysis of this NIAC that is taking place in Egypt, including an overview of the situation, their classification, parties to the conflict and applicable international law.

NIAC Sinai RULAC

MORE ON THIS THEMATIC AREA

Destroyed buildings during the 2008 South Ossetia Conflict News

LLM Students Plead Online on the 2008 South Ossetian Conflict

18 May 2020

In the framework of our LLM and the course on IHL given by our Director Professor Marco Sassòli, students pleaded online on 17 May for Russia and Georgia arguing that the side they represent has respected IHL while the adverse side has violated IHL.

Read more

View of the ICRC Headquarters News

LLM Students Develop Practical Cases for the ICRC on How IHL Applies in Armed Conflict

21 July 2020

Two students enrolled in our LLM in International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights – Marishet Mohammed Hamza from Ethiopia and Virginia Raffaeli from Italy – developed for the ICRC online casebook How does Law Protect in War? 26 practical cases that show how IHL applies in contemporary armed conflict.

Read more

Short Course

The Law of Non-International Armed Conflicts

15 April - 4 June 2021

This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, discusses the protection offered by international humanitarian law (IHL) in non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) and addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.

Read more

Somalia, explosion of a bomb in the Mogadishu's market place. Short Course

The Classification of Armed Conflicts

29 January - 19 February 2021

This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, provides an in-depth study of an emblematic example of the complexity of international humanitarian law and the challenges it raises: the classification of armed conflicts.

Read more

Central African Republic, Ouham province, village of Ouogo. International Humanitarian Law dissemination session to members of the Peoples' Army for the Restoration of Democracy. Project

From Words to Deeds: A Study of Armed Non-State Actors’ Practice and Interpretation of International Humanitarian and Human Rights Norms

Started in January 2017

This project aims at compiling and analysing the practice and interpretation of selected international humanitarian law and human rights norms by armed non-state actors (ANSAs). It has a pragmatic double objective: first, to offer a comparative analysis of IHL and human rights norms from the perspective of ANSAs, and second, to inform strategies of humanitarian engagement with ANSAs, in particular the content of a possible ‘Model Code of Conduct’.

Read more

Screenshot of the RULAC webpage Project

Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC)

Started in May 2007

The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts project (RULAC) is a unique online portal that identifies and classifies all situations of armed violence that amount to an armed conflict under international humanitarian law (IHL). It is primarily a legal reference source for a broad audience, including non-specialists, interested in issues surrounding the classification of armed conflicts under IHL.

Read more

Cover page of the Annual Report 2019 Publication

Annual Report 2019

published on May 2020

Read more

Cover of the publication Publication

From Words to Deeds: A Study of Armed Non-State Actors’ Practice and Interpretations of International Humanitarian and Human Rights Norms

published on December 2019

Annyssa Bellal, Pascal Bongard, Ezequiel Heffes

Read more