The War Report

Started in December 2013

As an annual publication, The War Report provides an overview of contemporary trends in current armed conflicts, including key international humanitarian law (IHL) and policy issues that have arisen and require attention.

Aimed at students, academics, experts, journalists and diplomats as well as NGOs and international organizations, The War Report also lists current armed conflicts where IHL applies and focuses on selected situations.

This new version of The War Report is a follow-up to the Geneva Academy’s project published as books by Oxford University Press.

The War Report provides the background for our new annual Conference on Current Issues in Armed Conflict, co-organized with the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex. It provides a space for experts and practitioners, diplomats, academics, and civil society representatives to discuss the legal and policy issues that have arisen in the past and current year in relation to armed conflicts situations.

The War Report: Armed Conflicts in 2017

Dr Annyssa Bellal is Strategic Adviser on international humanitarian law at the Geneva Academy and the Editor of the War Report 2017.

In this video, she presents the presents the 2017 edition of the War Report and its main features: the multiplication of armed non-state actors (ANSAs) and unprecedented casualties linked to armed gang violence.

RESEARCHERS

Picture of Annyssa Bellal

Annyssa Bellal

Senior Research Fellow and Strategic Adviser on International Humanitarian Law

Annyssa Bellal's areas of expertise include public international law, international humanitarian law, international human rights law and armed non-state actors.

Publications

Cover of the publication

The United States of America and the Islamic Republic of Iran: An International Armed Conflict of Low Intensity

December 2019

Milos Hrnjaz

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover page of the article

Iraq: Any Hope for Change?

November 2019

Josiane Matar

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover page of the article

Non-International Armed Conflict To Continue in Sinai?

November 2019

Annabel Bassil

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover page of the War Report 2018

The War Report 2018

April 2019

Annyssa Bellal

Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Norwegian centre for Human Rights

View >

Cover of the article

Central African Republic Sectarian And Inter Communal Violence Continues

January 2019

Giulia Marcucci

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover page of the article

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Conflict in the Eastern Regions

January 2019

Giulia Marcucci

Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover of the article

The Syrian Armed Conflict: Nearing the End?

January 2019

Marija Sulce

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover page of the article

THE ERITREA–ETHIOPIA ARMED CONFLICT

December 2018

Tadesse Kebebew

Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover of the article

Crimea: Between Annexation and Reunification

November 2018

Grazvydas Jasutis

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover page of the article

Georgia Abkhazia: The Predominance of Irreconcilable Positions

October 2018

Grazvydas Jasutis

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover page of the War Report 2017

The War Report 2017

March 2018

Annyssa Bellal

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover page of the paper

The Armed Conflict in Israel-Palestine

January 2018

Montse Ferrer

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover page of the publication

Gang Violence in Colombia, Mexico and El Salvador

December 2017

Ana Balcazar Moreno, Ximena Mercedes Galvez Lima, Julie Lambin, Lina Rodriguez

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover page of the publication

Myanmar: A Battle for Recognition

December 2017

Laura Baron-Mendoza

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Coverpage of the publication Kurdish Military Formations in Middle Eastern Battlefields

Kurdish Military Formations in Middle Eastern Battlefields

November 2017

Vicken Cheterian

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

The Armed Conflict in Yemen: A Complicated Mosaic

October 2017

Sari Arraf

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover of the The War Report 2017 - Libya, A Short Guide on to The Conflict

Libya, A Short Guide on The Conflict

June 2017

Sari Arraf

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

Cover of the War Report 2016

The War Report 2016

March 2017

Annyssa Bellal

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

View >

NEWS AND EVENTS

Aerial View of the Persian Gulf News

New War Report Article Analyses the June 2019 International Armed Conflict Between Iran and the United States

December 2019

Our new War Report article analyses the June 2019 shooting down by Iran of a United States (US) military drone and the alleged US counter cyber-attack.

Read more >

View of the Amerli village in Iraq News

Iraq: An Ongoing Non-International Armed Conflict despite the Claimed Victory against ISIS

November 2019

Our new War Report article Iraq: Any Hope for Change? provides an overview of the non-international armed conflict in the country, including information about the classification of the conflict, its history, parties and developments in 2019.

Read more >

View of Sinai News

New War Report Article Discusses the Ongoing Armed Violence in Sinai between Egypt and Wilayat Sinai

November 2019

Our new War Report article Non-International Armed Conflict To Continue in Sinai? discusses the non-international armed conflict between Egypt and Wilayat Sinai, an armed non-state actor that has pledged loyalty to the Islamic State group.

Read more >

MORE ON THIS THEMATIC AREA

Kutum, North Darfur: Members of the Sudanese army patrol Kutum market News

Does the Recent Peace Agreement Put an End to the Non-International Armed Conflicts in Sudan?

September 2020

Our RULAC online portal provides a detailed analysis and legal classification of the various non-international armed conflicts that are taking place in Sudan. In this interview, our Research Fellow Dr Chiara Redaelli explains why the recent peace agreement does not put an end to them.

Read more

View of the ICRC Headquarters News

LLM Students Develop Practical Cases for the ICRC on How IHL Applies in Armed Conflict

July 2020

Two students enrolled in our LLM in International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights – Marishet Mohammed Hamza from Ethiopia and Virginia Raffaeli from Italy – developed for the ICRC online casebook How does Law Protect in War? 26 practical cases that show how IHL applies in contemporary armed conflicts.

Read more

Mali,  Gao region, Ansongo cercle, Fafa. ICRC dissemination session about international humanitarian law for the army of Mali. Event

Thinking out of the (Tool)Box: Promoting Implementation of and Respect for International Humanitarian Law

November 2020, 18:00-19:30

This IHL Talk aims at shining light on the various ways of promoting respect for and implementation of international humanitarian law.

Read more

Computer code Event

Launch Event: Joint Initiative on the Digitalization of Conflict

October 2020, 10:00-12:00

This panel discussion marks the Launch of our New Research Initiative, carried out jointly by our Swiss IHL Chair Robin Geiß and the ICRC.

Read more

Short Course

The Law of Non-International Armed Conflicts

15 April - May 2021

This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, discusses the protection offered by international humanitarian law (IHL) in non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) and addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.

Read more

Côte d'Ivoire,  Abidjan, military instruction center in Akandjé. An ICRC dissemination session on international humanitarian law for the 1st bataillon of commando paratroopers. Short Course

The Implementation of International Humanitarian Law

8- January 2021

This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, will cover the ‘nuts and bolts’ of implementation, including national legislation, dissemination and training, and discuss the mechanisms such as the International Fact-Finding Commission, as set out in the treaties.

Read more

Screenshot of the RULAC webpage Project

Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC)

Started in May 2007

The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts project (RULAC) is a unique online portal that identifies and classifies all situations of armed violence that amount to an armed conflict under international humanitarian law (IHL). It is primarily a legal reference source for a broad audience, including non-specialists, interested in issues surrounding the classification of armed conflicts under IHL.

Read more

Séléka rebels patrol in the town of Bria, Central African Republic (CAR). Project

Human Rights Responsibilities and Armed Non-State Actors

Started in June 2018

This research aims at building a common understanding and vision as to how states and the relevant parts of the UN system can provide a concrete and practical framework to address human rights responsibilities of armed non-state actors.

Read more

Cover page of the Annual Report 2019 Publication

Annual Report 2019

published on May 2020

Read more

Cover of the publication Publication

From Words to Deeds: A Study of Armed Non-State Actors’ Practice and Interpretations of International Humanitarian and Human Rights Norms

published on December 2019

Annyssa Bellal, Pascal Bongard, Ezequiel Heffes

Read more