Our New Visiting Fellow: Natia Kalandarishvili-Mueller

Natia Kalandarishvili-Mueller is a professor of international law at ALTE University in Tbilisi, Georgia.

She holds an LLM in International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and Human Rights from the Geneva Academy and a PhD in Law from the University of Essex.

Natia just started as a Visiting Fellow at the Geneva Academy and will stay with us until the end of November 2022.

What motivated you to carry out a fellowship at the Geneva Academy?

On the world map, the Geneva Academy is the place for IHL teaching and analysis. The Geneva Academy is a hub of vibrant IHL research. It is a place of constant learning and interesting events dedicated to understanding some of the most pressing issues in IHL theory and practice. My desire to spend a research stay at the Geneva Academy is based on all this.

As an alumna of our LLM, how does it feel to come back?

It feels like coming home. I owe much of my knowledge in IHL to the Geneva Academy. Studying IHL under Professor Sassòli’s supervision was a great privilege for me as an LLM student from Georgia. I’ve been dearly missing the ambience of the Geneva Academy and to be back, is truly a joy. I fondly remember studying here. And to be able to carry out my research within these walls is a bliss.

What will be the focus of your research during this fellowship?

My research will focus on conceptualising extraterritorial non-international armed conflicts in IHL.

Why is this issue important?

As is known, there are only two types of armed conflicts in IHL: international and non-international. Hence, how can extraterritorial non-international armed conflicts be conceptualised in light of the IHL framework’s applicability? Into which category and with which types of armed conflicts can they be placed? Should they be regarded as a third, new category of armed conflicts? This is what my research will focus on.

What will be the impact of this research?

My research will contribute to filling a gap left in classifying such armed conflicts through the prism of IHL.

What do you expect from your time at the Geneva Academy?

I expect to be actively working on my own research topic, being in parallel engaged with colleagues and the wider research community on other contested issues of IHL. I am very much looking forward to this. I would like to thank the Geneva Academy for this opportunity.


Francesca Gortan, Sarah Surget and Sophie Timmermans during a simulation at Pictet 2022 News

Our Team at Pictet: Much More than Reaching the Final

11 April 2022

During one week, Francesca Gortan, Sarah Surget and Sophie Timmermans represented the Geneva Academy at the 38th Edition of the Jean-Pictet Competition that took place in Durrës, Albania, from 19 to 26 March.

Read more

LLM students during the pleading on Gaza News

LLM Pleadings on Gaza: Applying IHL to Real-Life Situations

3 May 2022

As every year and in the framework of the IHL core course given by Professor Marco Sassòli, twenty students of our LLM in IHL and Human Rights pleaded on the 2014 armed conflict in and around Gaza.

Read more

Yemen,  Sana'a, Faj Attan district. Destruction. Short Course

From Use of Force to Responsibility to Protect

24 May - 6 June 2023

This online short course provides an overview of the content and evolution of the rules governing the use of unilateral force in international law, including military intervention on humanitarian grounds and the fight against international terrorism. It focuses on the practice of states and international organizations.

Read more

The International Court of Justice in session Short Course

Sources of Public International Law

26 October - 13 December 2022

This online short course dwells on the means of international law-making (treaties, customary international law, unilateral acts, general principles of law etc.). In other words, the course looks at the sources from which public international law rules stem and at the entities that are empowered with the capacity of law-making in the international legal order.

Read more

Central African Republic, Ouham province, village of Ouogo. International Humanitarian Law dissemination session to members of the Peoples' Army for the Restoration of Democracy. Project

From Words to Deeds: A Study of Armed Non-State Actors’ Practice and Interpretation of International Humanitarian and Human Rights Norms

Started in January 2017

This project aims at compiling and analysing the practice and interpretation of selected international humanitarian law and human rights norms by armed non-state actors (ANSAs). It has a pragmatic double objective: first, to offer a comparative analysis of IHL and human rights norms from the perspective of ANSAs, and second, to inform strategies of humanitarian engagement with ANSAs, in particular the content of a possible ‘Model Code of Conduct’.

Read more

Mine Project

Business, Human Rights and Conflict-Affected Regions

Started in July 2021

This project aims to further identify and clarify policies and practices for States and business, including public and private investors, across the full ‘conflict cycle’ and the ‘Protect, Respect and Remedy’ pillars of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.

Read more

Cover page of the book Publication

Research Handbook on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

published on September 2022

Gloria Gaggioli, Robert Kolb, Pavle Kilibarda

Read more

Cover of the Publication Publication

The Future Digital Battlefield and Challenges for Humanitarian Protection: A Primer

published on April 2022

Henning Lahmann

Read more