UN Photo/Violaine Martin>
United Nations (UN) Special Procedures are a unique mechanism of independent expert advice and monitoring in the UN human rights system. Less bound by governmental considerations or institutional constraints, they are today the most outspoken players in the system be it on thematic issues or country situations.
Our new Working Paper Towards Transversal Standards to Evaluate the Impact of UN Special Procedures discusses the impact of UN Special Procedures, reviews progress made to measure it, and proposes avenues to improve this assessment.
‘Most UN Special Procedures have started to evaluate the impact of their work and the effectiveness of their interventions and activities. They are supported by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in this endeavour. Our paper – based on an expert meeting with more than 20 UN Special Procedures, as well as a focus on the work of three mandate holders – reviews the progress made and existing best practices, and proposes avenues to improve this assessment’ underlines Felix Kirchmeier, Executive Director of the Geneva Human Rights Platform (GHRP).
UN Photo/Violaine Martin>
The paper looks in detail at the ability of the mandate-holders – both thematic as well as those pertaining to a specific country – to obtain the cooperation of a State, which is vital in determining the degree to which the mechanism may gain influence and have an impact. In essence, the extent to which a collaborative relationship can form between the parties to a large degree shapes the extent to which a mandate can affect change and constitute a persuasive pressure to encourage compliance.
‘Our initial research indicates that building sustainable mechanisms of interaction with national authorities is critical to the effective performance of a Special Procedures mandate’ indicates Dr Jonathan Andrew, the author of the Working Paper.
The paper also reviews OHCHR work to monitor and evaluate the activities of the different mandates and their interactions with states, public authorities, civil society organizations/NGOs, human rights defenders and rights holders.
‘This evaluation and monitoring notably looks at the impact of interventions in relation to changes in laws and policies, but also in relation to individual cases. It shows that mandates’ engagement has had a direct result on improving measures that more effectively safeguard human rights explains Dr Andrew.
The paper discusses the possible development of a common assessment’s methodology that would allow measuring impact across all Special Procedures. In this context, it notably assesses the complexities of developing indicators and of appraising the results of mandates’ interventions vis-à-vis particularly sensitive concerns like enforced or involuntary disappearances. In this context, the analysis also looks at issues of attribution and causality and at evaluating the impact of activities and discussions carried out mainly ‘behind the scene.
The paper expands on this topic with a discussion of other efforts taking place at the UN level to develop more rigorous evaluation and assessment procedures that may be leveraged within the human rights sphere.
UN Photo/Isaac Billy
This Working Paper forms part of a GHRP’s dedicated initiative that aims at supporting their work via institutional discussions and targeted research on thematic issues, working methods, impact assessment and other methodological issues.
UN Photo/Jean Marc Ferré
Ilya Pavlov, Unsplash
Our new Working Paper discusses how current initiatives on the regulation of artificial intelligence technologies should incorporate the protection and respect for human rights.
Our new Working Paper Non-State Actors and Enforced Disappearances: Defining a Path Forward discusses the growing phenomenon of disappearances committed by non-state actors and the need to rethink the current definition of enforced disappearance to address this reality, improve the situation of victims and ensure proper accountability of non-state actors.
This event – co-organized with the Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT) – will discuss the new Principles on Effective Interviewing for Investigations and Information Gathering – also known as the Méndez Principles.
This event will discuss proposals to guide Swiss governmental and civil society activities so that they implement the rights enshrined in UNDROP through their international engagement.
Francisco Proner / Farpa/ CIDH
This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, aims at presenting the institutions and procedures in charge of the implementation of international human rights law.
This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, analyses the main international and regional norms governing the international protection of refugees. It notably examines the sources of international refugee law, including the 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, and their interaction with human rights law and international humanitarian law.
This research aims at building a common understanding and vision as to how states and the relevant parts of the UN system can provide a concrete and practical framework to address human rights responsibilities of armed non-state actors.
Cámara de Diputadas y Diputados de Chile
This project aims to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the strengths and weaknesses affecting different National Human Rights Systems.