21 July 2020
Two students enrolled in our LLM in International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights – Marishet Mohammed Hamza from Ethiopia and Virginia Raffaeli from Italy – developed for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) online casebook How does Law Protect in War? 26 practical cases that show how international humanitarian law (IHL) applies in contemporary armed conflicts.
This online casebook provides more than 300 case studies from around the work that discuss a variety of IHL topics and show how IHL applies. Our Director Professor Marco Sassòli is one of the authors, along with our alumna Anne Quintin, Julia Grignon and Antoine Bouvier.
This work – supervised by Marco Sassòli and Pavle Kilibarda, Teaching Assistant at the Geneva Academy – forms an integral part of the LLM that allows students to pursue internships with leading actors in the field of IHL and human rights during the second semester.
‘This internship – offered every year to two LLM students – allows them to look at contemporary cases and reflect on IHL challenges and applications in armed conflicts. It is also the occasion for them to summarize complex cases for an audience that includes students, teachers and practitioners around the world and to ask questions from an IHL perspective’ explains Marco Sassòli.
As for other internships carried our students this year, this work proved to be particularly challenging due to the COVID-19 crisis as students could only meet each other and their supervisors in person once at the beginning of the internship.
‘This being said, our students managed to overcome this challenge and managed to submit a very good work in time’ says Marco Sassòli.
The cases developed by our two students look at contemporary contexts such as Afghanistan, Cameroon, Colombia, Libya, Mexico, Nigeria, Somalia, Syria, the US and Yemen.
They address questions like the classification of situations in IHL; the beginning and the resumption of an armed conflict; airstrikes on drug-processing facilities, on migration detention facilities and on refugee camps; war crimes; the treatment of persons with disabilities; or the status and obligations of armed groups.
‘The cases provided to the ICRC are of high quality. They will be now submitted at the ICRC to an internal validation process evaluating whether the cases used, though drawn from public sources, may be prejudicial to the humanitarian dialogue of the ICRC with the States concerned’ underlines Marco Sassòli.
The updated Commentary on the Third Geneva Convention will bewill be launched online on 16 June where an expert panel, including our Director Professor Marco Sassòli, will discuss the Commentary's main findings and will examine how international humanitarian law protects prisoners of war.
In his latest report on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, the UN Secretary-General refers to our Guidelines on Investigating Violation of IHL, co-published with the International Committee of the Red Cross.
This panel will discuss the legal and policy challenges of the Swiss bills in light of international law.
The discussion will focus on issue areas at the heart of the UN’s mandate and where a renewed vision for collective global action is urgently called for: nuclear disarmament, humanitarian assistance, sustainable development and human rights.
This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, will cover the ‘nuts and bolts’ of implementation, including national legislation, dissemination and training, and discuss the mechanisms such as the International Fact-Finding Commission, as set out in the treaties.
UN Photo/Manuel Elias
This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, provides an introduction to the regime of sanctions under international law and their effectiveness in addressing contemporary forms of conflict. It addresses the questions related to state responsibility, the pacific settlement of international disputes and the role of the International Court of Justice.
This project will explore humanitarian consequences and protection needs caused by the digitalization of armed conflicts and the extent to which these needs are addressed by international law, especially international humanitarian law.
As an annual publication, The War Report provides an overview of contemporary trends in current armed conflicts, including key international humanitarian law and policy issues that have arisen and require attention.