Gabriella Citroni

Gabriella Citroni

Professor of International Human Rights Law at the University of Milano-Bicocca

Areas of expertise

International Human Rights Law  /  Enforced Disappearances  /  UN Human Rights Mechanisms  /  Transitional Justice  /  Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions  /  Crimes against Humanity  /  Inter-American Human Rights System  /  Right to Truth  /  Prohibition of Torture and Inhumane Treatment  /  Measures of Reparation for Gross Human Rights Violations

Gabriella Citroni is Professor of International Human Rights Law at the University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy. She is alsoa Member of the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, an International Legal Advisor for the Latin American Federation of Associations for Relatives of the Detained-Disappeared (FEDEFAM) and Senior Legal Advisor for TRIAL International.

Her research focuses on subjects related to international human rights law and she cooperates with a number of NGOs, providing legal assistance to victims of serious human rights violations and their relatives in different countries including Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Nepal, Morocco, Colombia, Peru, Iraq, Honduras and Mexico. She has written a number of articles and books on international human rights law.

In 2016, she was appointed consultant at the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights to review the Tunisian draft law on the crime of enforced disappearance. In 2015, she was an external consultant for the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights for the drafting of an issue paper on missing persons and victims of enforced disappearance in Europe. Further, she was appointed expert witness before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in two cases of enforced disappearance (Comunidad Campesina de Santa Bárbara v Perú, Vereda La Esperanza v Colombia, and Alvarado Espinoza and al. v. Mexico). In 2010, she was an external consultant for the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances for the drafting of a study on best practices on enforced disappearances in domestic criminal legislation.

From 2003 to 2005 she was a member, as Legal Advisor, of the Italian delegation to the UN during the negotiations of the International Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.

Taught Courses

Sri Lanka, Mannar. A father looks at the last photo taken of his missing son. LLM - Course

Enforced Disappearances in International Law

This course examines the existing international legal framework and jurisprudence on the phenomenon of enforced disappearance. While the main focus is international human rights law, references are made, where pertinent, to international humanitarian law and international criminal law.

Read More >


The Indigenous Peoples’ Right to Lands and Natural Resources in the Inter-American Human Rights System: Preserving Cultural Identity while Ensuring Development


Gabriella Citroni, Antonietta Di Blase, Valentina Vadi

The Inherent Rights of Indigenous Peoples in International Law, Roma Tre Press

View More >

Webpage of the article

Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED)


Gabriella Citroni

in Ruiz Fabri (ed), The Max Plank Encyclopaedia of International Procedural Law, Oxford University Press

View More >

Cover page of the International Review of the Red Cross

The first attempts in Mexico and Central America to address the phenomenon of missing and disappeared migrants

November 2018

Gabriella Citroni

International Review of the Red Cross

View More >

Cover of the Journal of International Criminal Justice

The Specialist Chambers of Kosovo – The Applicable Law and the Special Challenges Related to the Crime of Enforced Disappearance

February 2016

Gabriella Citroni

Journal of International Criminal Justice, Volume 14, Issue 1

View More >

Destroyed building, Shingal. News

Our 2021 Annual Report

30 May 2022

Our 2021 Annual Report provides an overview of our activities, highlights, outputs and impact for the past year.

Donbass, destruction before a building News

Our Experts and Resources on Ukraine

10 August 2022

Discover our resources and what our experts say about the situation in Ukraine, with regular updates to include new events, articles and comments!