Article 36 of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Convention obliges states to determine, in the study, development, acquisition or adoption of a new weapon, means or method of warfare, whether its employment would be prohibited by international law.
Bearing in mind that new technologies are developed and presented to the public every day, the field of military technology undergoes the same exponential growth. These circumstances render the legal review of new weapons more complex and difficult. Cyberspace, increasing autonomy but also the growing connections between different systems on the battlefield pose new challenges to the legal review of a weapon.
This Military Briefing will address this issue from a practical perspective.
Dr Mirco Anderegg is the Acting Head of International Law in the Swiss Armed Forces Staff. He holds a PhD in Law from the University of Fribourg and the rank of Major. He advises the Swiss armed forces on issues of international law, particularly international humanitarian law and is responsible for the legal review of new weapons. In addition, Dr Anderegg is also the current President of the Swiss Society for Military Law and the Law of War.
This Military Briefing is primarily open to Geneva Academy’s students, who will be prioritized in the allocation of seats. External participants are also welcome provided there remains adequate seating.
The Military Briefings are a unique series of events relating to military institutions and the law. They aim to improve our students’ knowledge of military actors and operations and build bridges between the military and civilian worlds.
The 49 professionals enrolled in our Executive Master in International Law in Armed Conflict have just started their programme. Fourteen will attend classes in person and 35 online.
Our Senior Research Fellow and Strategic Adviser on IHL Dr Annyssa Bellal travelled this summer to North-East Syria with colleagues from Geneva Call – Ezequiel Heffes and Pascal Bongard – as part of the research project she leads that examines the practice and interpretation of ANSAs on core IHL norms.
UN Photo/Manuel Elias
This IHL Talk, co-organized with the International Peace Institute (IPI), aims at contrasting approaches to, and decision-making on, humanitarian affairs in the relevant multilateral fora in New York and Geneva.
Dr Helen Durham, Director of International Law and Policy at the ICRC, will address the legal, operational and political imperative of the international community continuing to work towards the application and implementation of IHL.
This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, examines the conduct of hostilities in situations of international armed conflict, also known as the Law of The Hague.
This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, discusses the protection offered by international humanitarian law (IHL) in non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) and addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.
This project will explore humanitarian consequences and protection needs caused by the digitalization of armed conflicts and the extent to which these needs are addressed by international law, especially international humanitarian law.
This research aims at building a common understanding and vision as to how states and the relevant parts of the UN system can provide a concrete and practical framework to address human rights responsibilities of armed non-state actors.